Anger and Determination

I was helping to dig the children out when I heard a photographer tell a kiddie to cry for her dead friends, so that he could get a good picture – that taught me silence.
Rescue worker

During that period the only thing I didn’t like was the press. If you told them something, when the paper came out your words were all the wrong way round.
Bereaved father

The brave front of the people of Aberfan cracked on Monday at an inquest on 30 of the children.
There were shouts of “murderers” as the Coroner of Merthyr, Mr. Ben Hamilton, began reading out the names of the dead children.

As one name was read out and the cause of death given as asphyxia and multiple injuries, the father of the child said, “No, sir, buried alive by the National Coal Board”.

One of the only two women among the 60 people at the inquest at Sion Primitive English Methodist Chapel at Aberfan, shouted out through her tears, “They have killed our children.”

Then a number of people called out and got to their feet. The coroner tried to restore order and said: “I know your grief is much that you may not be realising what you are saying.”

The father repeated: “I want it recorded – ‘Buried alive by the National Coal Board.’ That is what I want to see on the record. That is the feeling of those present. Those are the words we want to go on the certificate.”
Merthyr Express 

It was impossible to know that there was a spring in the heart of this tip which was turning the centre of the mountain into sludge.
Rt. Hon. Lord Robens of Woldingham, Chairman of the National Coal Board, to a TV reporter

A man who lost his niece at Aberfan broke through a police cordon to talk to Lord Justice Edmund Davies – the man who head the inquiry into the disaster – as he toured the stricken village on Tuesday.
The man, 61-year old Mr. Philip Brown, a disabled miner, told the judge: “Don’t let strangers pull the wool over your eyes.”

The judge spoke to Mr. Brown for a couple of minutes and then moved away to continue his tour.
Afterwards Mr. Brown said “I asked him if I could speak to him for five minutes. He told me, ‘Most certainly.’ He is a real gentleman.

“I said, ‘Don’t let strangers take up the mountain and pull the wool over your eyes. If you must go up, go up with a local man who knows the real facts.’ “

… “I told him the spring at the head of the mountain had always been there.

“It was not a hidden spring. The National Coal Board must have known about it because everyone in the village did.”
Merthyr Express

I was tormented by the fact that the people I was seeking justice from were my people – a Labour Government, a Labour council, a Labour-nationalised Coal Board.
Bereaved husband and parent

The Aberfan disaster was very much a disaster of the Valleys; it could have happened in any part of them. It was the crowning disaster of a dangerous industry, and its victims were the innocent.
Aberfan community worker

Why there is bitterness?

” During my childhood I played on that monstrous mountain of slag, and in my youth I rummaged coal from it. Everyone knew that one day – some day – this hideous scar on the landscape, this indiscriminate dumping of colliery refuse, would bring disaster. But little did we think that when it did happen, it would leave such devastation and heartbreaking sorrow in its wake.”

These words are written by a native of Aberfan, an ex-pupil of Pantglas school. They are contained in a letter to the editor expressing heartfelt sympathy to all those people who are suffering in this hour of indescribable tragedy.

There is today sadness in the hearts of everyone who lives in a mining valley. But there is bitterness too.
The coal mining communities of South Wales have lived so long with death as a companion that they reconcile themselves to accepting the peril that hangs over them.

Everyone knows that coal tips move. Everyone fears that one day the tip above their village will come rumbling down into the valley, but it is a possibility that they accept.

Without the tip above Aberfan the Merthyr Vale Colliery could have closed down. Without the colliery. the village would itself have died.

This is the terrible fear that ate into the minds of the people of Aberfan.

Now the worst has happened. Tragedy of the most devastating kind has struck. A village has lost its children. Is not the bitterness, therefore, understandable?
Merthyr Express Editorial

My first impression of Aberfan was terrible. I couldn’t imagine, I never imagined that it was like that. The village was dirty, my house was dirty, everything was dirty. The tip had left mud and slurry everywhere. I was fortunate in one way because I had no conception what this tip had done to us at Aberfan. It wasn’t until a long time after till I came to terms with this. Then instead of being a passive person as I was before I became a fighter for Aberfan. I felt that we had a duty to the children who were left and those who were yet to be born. And it was a duty that we must build a better Aberfan for the children that were coming.
Bereaved parent on returning to Aberfan after the disaster

The villagers had done admirably in rehabilitating themselves with very little help. A Government gesture was needed to restore confidence and only complete removal of the tips would do this. Many people in the village were on sedatives but they did not take them when it was raining because they were afraid to go to sleep. Children did not close their bedroom doors in case they should be trapped.
Official note of Aberfan social worker’s comments at meeting with Welsh Office

They took the money out of the disaster fund to pay for the removal of the tips, which was to me shocking. Absolutely unbelievable. And that’s always been in me. I think they [the NCB] owe us. They owe the people of Aberfan a debt. Call it a debt of conscience if you like. I don’t think we should beg for this And we need the money. There’s the Memorial Garden to be maintained. And the cemetery. For many, many years to come. Where is it going to come from in later years when we’re gone?
Bereaved parent, speaking in 1996.

2,192 comments on “Anger and Determination

  1. Somebody essentially help to make severely articles I might state. This is the first time I frequented your website page and thus far? I surprised with the analysis you made to create this particular submit incredible. Great activity!

  2. My spouse and i ended up being so thrilled that John could complete his research from your precious recommendations he gained using your web pages. It’s not at all simplistic to just find yourself releasing tactics that most people may have been selling. And we all remember we need the website owner to appreciate for that. The most important illustrations you’ve made, the easy blog menu, the relationships you can aid to foster – it is mostly great, and it’s really making our son and the family do think that subject is enjoyable, and that is extremely important. Many thanks for the whole lot!

  3. I enjoy you because of all your hard work on this blog. My mom really likes doing investigation and it is easy to see why. Most of us learn all regarding the dynamic form you render precious tips and tricks via the blog and in addition foster participation from the others on that subject matter so my princess is without a doubt being taught a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the year. You have been doing a stunning job.

  4. My husband and i have been delighted that Louis could carry out his analysis through the entire precious recommendations he received when using the web site. It’s not at all simplistic just to always be handing out hints other people might have been selling. We really realize we have got the blog owner to be grateful to for that. The main illustrations you have made, the easy site menu, the friendships you will make it possible to engender – it’s all sensational, and it is assisting our son in addition to the family feel that this idea is brilliant, which is certainly exceedingly pressing. Thanks for all the pieces!

  5. I’m commenting to make you be aware of of the superb experience my friend’s child gained studying your web page. She realized a wide variety of pieces, not to mention how it is like to have an excellent teaching character to make other individuals easily know precisely certain extremely tough subject areas. You actually surpassed my desires. I appreciate you for rendering such important, trustworthy, informative and unique tips on that topic to Evelyn.

  6. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all
    people you actually recognise what you are speaking approximately!
    Bookmarked. Kindly additionally talk over with my website =).

    We could have a hyperlink exchange contract among us

  7. I have to express my appreciation to the writer for bailing me out of such a circumstance. Because of browsing through the world-wide-web and seeing views which were not beneficial, I believed my life was well over. Being alive minus the solutions to the problems you have solved all through your short post is a crucial case, and those that would have in a negative way affected my entire career if I hadn’t come across your web blog. Your main understanding and kindness in playing with all the stuff was helpful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not come across such a step like this. I’m able to at this time relish my future. Thank you so much for the reliable and sensible help. I will not be reluctant to propose your web site to any individual who needs to have assistance about this subject matter.

  8. My spouse and i got quite joyous when Ervin managed to finish up his preliminary research via the precious recommendations he was given out of the web pages. It is now and again perplexing just to possibly be giving for free thoughts that many some others might have been selling. And we fully grasp we now have the website owner to give thanks to for this. Most of the illustrations you’ve made, the easy blog menu, the friendships you can make it easier to instill – it’s most exceptional, and it’s really helping our son and the family recognize that that topic is entertaining, which is certainly pretty pressing. Thank you for the whole lot!

  9. This is the perfect blog for anybody who hopes to find out about this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I personally will need toÖHaHa). You certainly put a new spin on a subject which has been discussed for ages. Excellent stuff, just wonderful!

  10. Howdy I am so glad I found your web site, I really found you by error, while I was searching on Google for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to say cheers for a remarkable post and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read through it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the great job.|

  11. Hello! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a collection of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a outstanding job!

  12. I cling on to listening to the news bulletin talk about receiving boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the top site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i acquire some?

  13. Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your post seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The layout look great though! Hope you get the issue fixed soon. Cheers

  14. I have to voice my passion for your kind-heartedness giving support to all those that must have guidance on that niche. Your special dedication to getting the solution up and down turned out to be surprisingly valuable and has specifically helped somebody just like me to get to their aims. This valuable useful information can mean this much to me and a whole lot more to my office colleagues. Regards; from everyone of us.

  15. My spouse and i got absolutely thankful that Ervin managed to finish off his homework from your precious recommendations he grabbed out of the weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to simply possibly be freely giving guidelines which some people might have been trying to sell. We do understand we need you to give thanks to for this. The entire illustrations you have made, the simple web site navigation, the relationships you will help instill – it’s got most remarkable, and it’s really helping our son and our family reckon that that issue is entertaining, and that is extremely vital. Thank you for everything!

  16. An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment. I do think that you ought to publish more on this subject matter, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people do not talk about such issues. To the next! Many thanks!!

  17. Iím amazed, I must say. Seldom do I encounter a blog thatís equally educative and amusing, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The problem is an issue that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. I’m very happy I came across this during my hunt for something concerning this.

  18. I’ve been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

  19. I like what you guys are usually up too. This sort of clever work and coverage! Keep up the great works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my own blogroll.

  20. When I originally commented I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I receive four emails with the same comment. There has to be a means you can remove me from that service? Kudos!

  21. I as well as my pals were reviewing the excellent hints from the website then immediately got a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for those techniques. All the women are actually for this reason thrilled to learn them and have now very much been making the most of those things. Appreciation for really being very kind and also for making a choice on certain awesome topics most people are really desirous to discover. Our own sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  22. I and my buddies happened to be examining the nice tactics found on your web blog and instantly came up with a horrible feeling I had not thanked the site owner for those strategies. My young men were definitely consequently stimulated to learn all of them and have in effect clearly been tapping into those things. Many thanks for getting so kind and then for selecting these kinds of beneficial subject areas most people are really eager to know about. My personal sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  23. I’m also writing to let you be aware of of the impressive experience my cousin’s child went through visiting yuor web blog. She realized plenty of details, which included how it is like to have a wonderful giving heart to get folks just learn about some complex topics. You actually surpassed our desires. I appreciate you for coming up with these priceless, healthy, educational and also fun tips on this topic to Kate.

  24. A lot of thanks for all your efforts on this website. Gloria loves going through internet research and it’s really easy to see why. All of us hear all concerning the dynamic form you create good guidelines on this blog and as well encourage response from website visitors on the concern so our own simple princess is without a doubt becoming educated a whole lot. Take advantage of the rest of the new year. You are carrying out a terrific job.

  25. I’m also writing to make you know of the amazing encounter our girl went through using your web page. She discovered a good number of details, which included what it’s like to have an awesome teaching heart to have many people clearly know precisely certain tortuous issues. You undoubtedly did more than her expectations. Thank you for imparting such useful, dependable, educational and also unique tips on that topic to Kate.

  26. Thanks for all of the efforts on this site. My niece take interest in going through research and it is simple to grasp why. We hear all regarding the dynamic tactic you produce vital tips via the web site and even invigorate contribution from some other people on that subject matter while our favorite child is always discovering a lot. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You’re the one doing a really great job.

  27. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how could we communicate?

  28. I blog frequently and I seriously thank you for your information. This
    article has really peaked my interest. I am going to bookmark your website and keep checking for new details about once per week.
    I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  29. I am glad for writing to let you be aware of what a useful encounter my wife’s girl developed reading through your web page. She noticed many pieces, which include what it’s like to possess a marvelous coaching mood to have other folks without difficulty master a variety of multifaceted subject matter. You really exceeded my expected results. I appreciate you for producing such warm and friendly, trusted, informative and even fun tips about that topic to Evelyn.

  30. I want to show my admiration for your generosity supporting men who actually need guidance on the theme. Your special commitment to getting the message around ended up being exceedingly invaluable and have without exception empowered guys and women like me to get to their goals. Your amazing helpful guideline indicates this much a person like me and far more to my office colleagues. Best wishes; from everyone of us.

  31. I was just seeking this info for some time. After six hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your site. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that don’t rank this type of informative sites in top of the list. Generally the top websites are full of garbage.

  32. Hello, I think your web site may be having internet browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart from that, great website!

  33. That is a really good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere. Brief but very precise info횜 Thank you for sharing this one. A must read article!

  34. I simply could not go away your site prior to suggesting that I actually enjoyed the usual info an individual supply to your guests? Is gonna be back incessantly in order to check out new posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *