Dylan Thomas, a lemon, a World Record and Men in Dresses

Dylan ThomasI discovered a work by Dylan Thomas recently, that was totally new to me. Apparently he wrote the screenplay to an unremarkable film called, Rebecca’s Daughters. Despite having Peter O’Toole and Paul Rhys in the cast, the film has deservedly disappeared without trace. The interesting contribution it made to history was that it took 44 years from the time it was completed by Dylan Thomas in 1948, until its release in April 1992, which remains a world record for the longest time a screenplay has taken to be filmed.

What annoys me about the film is that it was a comedy. It was loosely based on the Rebecca riots which took place between 1839 and 1843 in mid and south Wales. Those riots were born out of poverty and injustice and were anything but funny. 

From 1815 Wales, like the rest of Britain, experience a post-Napoleonic war slump and agricultural prices remained volatile for many years and many farmers were unable to produce their crops profitably. At the same time a series of rent rises caused many farmers to lay off agricultural workers.  The rural counties of Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire experienced a major increase in population during that post-war period from industrial workers who have had been laid off and returned to their rural roots[1].

The first of three situations which culminated in the Rebecca riots occurred in 1834 when an amendment to the Poor Law created workhouses – a degrading institution housing the poorest members of the community unable to support themselves and requiring them to do pointless manual labour.

The second factor causing anger in Wales and contributing to the riots was a government requirement to pay tithes – a tenth of a man’s income – to the established Anglican Church. As the population was almost universally Non-conformist, this was particularly resented at a time when prices were falling and people were living at subsistence level. An Act in 1836 allowed tithes to be calculated on grain prices averaged over the previous seven years. This led to an increase of 7 per cent in tithes at a time when farming incomes were at 50 per cent of their pre-war level.[2]

However, the main powder keg that exploded in south and south-west Wales related to the numerous toll gates encountered by farmers moving around their area in order to service their farms. Historians are agreed that a chaotic system in operation throughout Britain was particularly inefficient in Wales where they were numerous and operated over small districts. Even on relatively short journeys, farmers might encounter a number of toll gates, particularly near larger towns like Swansea and Carmarthen. Those who had to make longer journeys in order to buy lime to use as fertiliser, for example farmers in northern Pembrokeshire who travelled to the south for supplies from the kilns, were particularly disadvantaged by a multiplicity of tolls they had to pay on their journey.

Rebecca RiotsOn 13 May 1839, a newly erected toll gate at Efailwen in Carmarthenshire was wrecked by protesters. Although the owners rebuilt the gate, a mob of 300-400 met together on the night of 6 June 1839 and destroyed the gate again. The protesters had assembled under the identity of ‘Daughters of Rebecca’ or ‘Children of Rebecca’, many with blackened faces and wearing women’s dresses. From this beginning incidents of destruction of toll houses and toll gates began to spread westwards across the county and into Pembrokeshire. However, after a month the disturbances largely ceased and there was a quiet period until winter 1842 when a much greater wave of protests started affecting trusts in both Pembrokeshire and Carmarthen. By 1844 the Rebecca rising had come to an end.

[1] D. Gareth Edwards, A History of Wales 1815-1906, (Cardiff, 1985) p.139

[2] D. Gareth Edwards, A History of Wales 1815-1906, (Cardiff, 1985) p146

8,650 comments on “Dylan Thomas, a lemon, a World Record and Men in Dresses

  1. Attractive component to content. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to claim that I get in fact enjoyed account your
    blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing on your feeds or even I success you get entry to consistently quickly.

  2. Heya this is kind of of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you
    have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have
    no coding skills so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience.

    Any help would be enormously appreciated!

  3. Iím impressed, I have to admit. Seldom do I come across a blog thatís equally educative and entertaining, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The problem is something which too few folks are speaking intelligently about. Now i’m very happy I came across this during my search for something concerning this.

  4. Hello! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I truly enjoy reading through your blog posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects? Thanks a lot!

  5. I was pretty pleased to uncover this great site.
    I wanted to thank you for ones time just for this wonderful read!!
    I definitely really liked every little bit of it and I have you book marked to look at new information in your website.

  6. I blog quite often and I truly thank you for your content. The article has really peaked my interest. I am going to book mark your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week. I opted in for your RSS feed too.

  7. Can I just say what a comfort to discover an individual who really understands what they’re discussing on the web. You actually know how to bring a problem to light and make it important. A lot more people need to read this and understand this side of the story. It’s surprising you’re not more popular since you most certainly possess the gift.

  8. If some one needs expert view concerning running a
    blog then i recommend him/her to go to see this web site, Keep up the nice job.

  9. I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this blog. I’m hoping to see the same high-grade content by you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very own site now 😉

  10. Everything is very open with a really clear description of the issues. It was really informative. Your website is extremely helpful. Many thanks for sharing!

  11. I really feel genuinely joyful to possess observed your webpage and look forward to so many a lot more entertaining instances studying below. Many thanks over again for all the small print.

  12. Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this Web page with us, so I arrived to give it a look. I’m taking pleasure in the information. I’m bookmarking and may be tweeting this to my followers! Amazing weblog and awesome style and elegance.

  13. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Many thanks, However I am going through troubles with your RSS. I donít understand the reason why I am unable to join it. Is there anybody having similar RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  14. I’ll right away clutch your rss feed as I can’t find your e-mail subscription link or
    e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Please allow me understand in order that I may subscribe.

    Thanks.

  15. Needed to create you the very small observation to finally thank you as before on your nice tricks you’ve shared in this case. This has been certainly pretty open-handed of people like you to offer without restraint what many individuals would’ve marketed as an e book to make some bucks for themselves, certainly since you could have tried it in the event you desired. The techniques also worked as the fantastic way to know that someone else have a similar fervor the same as my very own to realize great deal more in terms of this condition. I know there are lots of more fun situations ahead for people who browse through your website.

  16. Needed to post you a little note so as to thank you again regarding the precious information you’ve documented at this time. It has been really extremely generous with you to supply unhampered exactly what a few people might have made available as an electronic book to end up making some money for their own end, primarily given that you could have tried it in case you desired. The good ideas in addition acted to be the good way to fully grasp many people have a similar eagerness similar to my own to find out many more on the topic of this issue. I am certain there are a lot more fun situations ahead for many who examine your blog post.

  17. I simply had to appreciate you all over again. I am not sure the things that I would have handled without the actual smart ideas provided by you directly on this problem. Previously it was a very distressing circumstance in my opinion, however , looking at a well-written manner you managed it took me to weep with delight. I’m just happy for this information and thus hope that you really know what a powerful job you were carrying out teaching many people via a site. Probably you haven’t got to know all of us.

  18. I really wanted to type a small word so as to say thanks to you for those fantastic tricks you are showing at this website. My long internet search has at the end been rewarded with pleasant ideas to write about with my close friends. I ‘d claim that most of us readers are rather fortunate to exist in a magnificent community with so many marvellous people with useful opinions. I feel quite lucky to have used your entire web site and look forward to some more cool times reading here. Thank you once again for a lot of things.

  19. Hmm it appears like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to the whole thing.
    Do you have any points for beginner blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  20. You’re so cool! I do not think I’ve read anything like that before.

    So nice to find somebody with some genuine thoughts on this subject.
    Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up.

    This web site is one thing that is needed on the internet, someone with some originality!

  21. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who has been conducting a little homework on this. And he actually bought me lunch due to the fact that I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this issue here on your site.

  22. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It’s always exciting to read content from other authors and practice a little something from their web sites.

  23. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who had been conducting a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me lunch due to the fact that I discovered it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to talk about this topic here on your internet site.

  24. After exploring a few of the blog articles on your blog, I truly like your
    technique of writing a blog. I book marked it to my bookmark webpage list and
    will be checking back in the near future. Take a look at my
    web site as well and let me know how you feel.

  25. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thanks, However I am going through difficulties with your RSS. I donít understand the reason why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anyone else having the same RSS problems? Anyone who knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  26. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I?ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  27. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is great blog. A great read. I’ll definitely be back.

  28. Can I simply say what a comfort to discover somebody that truly knows what they are discussing on the internet. You actually know how to bring a problem to light and make it important. A lot more people ought to check this out and understand this side of your story. I can’t believe you are not more popular because you surely possess the gift.

  29. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I?m going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  30. I really love your website.. Great colors & theme. Did you make this web site yourself? Please reply back as Iím wanting to create my own personal site and want to know where you got this from or just what the theme is called. Appreciate it!

  31. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  32. Simply want to say your article is as astounding. The clearness in your post is simply nice and i could assume you’re
    an expert on this subject. Well with your permission allow me to grab
    your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a
    million and please carry on the enjoyable work.

  33. Hi there! I could have sworn Iíve been to this website before but after looking at many of the articles I realized itís new to me. Anyways, Iím certainly pleased I came across it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!

  34. You made some good points there. I checked on the internet for additional information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this site.

  35. I absolutely love your website.. Excellent colors & theme.
    Did you make this amazing site yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create
    my own personal website and would like to find out where
    you got this from or exactly what the theme is named.
    Many thanks!

  36. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. I?ll appreciate if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  37. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it?s rare to see a nice blog like this one these days..

  38. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I?ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  39. I’m not sure exactly why but this blog is loading very slow
    for me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  40. Along with almost everything that seems to be developing within this subject material, many of your points of view are generally relatively exciting. Nonetheless, I beg your pardon, but I do not subscribe to your entire suggestion, all be it refreshing none the less. It looks to me that your commentary are generally not entirely rationalized and in actuality you are your self not even completely convinced of the point. In any event I did take pleasure in examining it.

  41. I think this is one of the most important information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on some general things, The website style is wonderful, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

  42. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this hike.

  43. Attractive component to content. I simply stumbled upon your web site and
    in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your weblog posts.

    Anyway I will be subscribing in your feeds or even I success you
    get right of entry to persistently fast.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *