Dylan Thomas, a lemon, a World Record and Men in Dresses

Dylan ThomasI discovered a work by Dylan Thomas recently, that was totally new to me. Apparently he wrote the screenplay to an unremarkable film called, Rebecca’s Daughters. Despite having Peter O’Toole and Paul Rhys in the cast, the film has deservedly disappeared without trace. The interesting contribution it made to history was that it took 44 years from the time it was completed by Dylan Thomas in 1948, until its release in April 1992, which remains a world record for the longest time a screenplay has taken to be filmed.

What annoys me about the film is that it was a comedy. It was loosely based on the Rebecca riots which took place between 1839 and 1843 in mid and south Wales. Those riots were born out of poverty and injustice and were anything but funny. 

From 1815 Wales, like the rest of Britain, experience a post-Napoleonic war slump and agricultural prices remained volatile for many years and many farmers were unable to produce their crops profitably. At the same time a series of rent rises caused many farmers to lay off agricultural workers.  The rural counties of Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire experienced a major increase in population during that post-war period from industrial workers who have had been laid off and returned to their rural roots[1].

The first of three situations which culminated in the Rebecca riots occurred in 1834 when an amendment to the Poor Law created workhouses – a degrading institution housing the poorest members of the community unable to support themselves and requiring them to do pointless manual labour.

The second factor causing anger in Wales and contributing to the riots was a government requirement to pay tithes – a tenth of a man’s income – to the established Anglican Church. As the population was almost universally Non-conformist, this was particularly resented at a time when prices were falling and people were living at subsistence level. An Act in 1836 allowed tithes to be calculated on grain prices averaged over the previous seven years. This led to an increase of 7 per cent in tithes at a time when farming incomes were at 50 per cent of their pre-war level.[2]

However, the main powder keg that exploded in south and south-west Wales related to the numerous toll gates encountered by farmers moving around their area in order to service their farms. Historians are agreed that a chaotic system in operation throughout Britain was particularly inefficient in Wales where they were numerous and operated over small districts. Even on relatively short journeys, farmers might encounter a number of toll gates, particularly near larger towns like Swansea and Carmarthen. Those who had to make longer journeys in order to buy lime to use as fertiliser, for example farmers in northern Pembrokeshire who travelled to the south for supplies from the kilns, were particularly disadvantaged by a multiplicity of tolls they had to pay on their journey.

Rebecca RiotsOn 13 May 1839, a newly erected toll gate at Efailwen in Carmarthenshire was wrecked by protesters. Although the owners rebuilt the gate, a mob of 300-400 met together on the night of 6 June 1839 and destroyed the gate again. The protesters had assembled under the identity of ‘Daughters of Rebecca’ or ‘Children of Rebecca’, many with blackened faces and wearing women’s dresses. From this beginning incidents of destruction of toll houses and toll gates began to spread westwards across the county and into Pembrokeshire. However, after a month the disturbances largely ceased and there was a quiet period until winter 1842 when a much greater wave of protests started affecting trusts in both Pembrokeshire and Carmarthen. By 1844 the Rebecca rising had come to an end.

[1] D. Gareth Edwards, A History of Wales 1815-1906, (Cardiff, 1985) p.139

[2] D. Gareth Edwards, A History of Wales 1815-1906, (Cardiff, 1985) p146

14,362 comments on “Dylan Thomas, a lemon, a World Record and Men in Dresses

  1. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this website. I’m hoping to view the same high-grade content from you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own, personal blog now 😉

  2. Together with the whole thing which seems to be developing within this specific area, your perspectives happen to be very stimulating. Nevertheless, I beg your pardon, but I can not subscribe to your whole suggestion, all be it exhilarating none the less. It would seem to us that your opinions are actually not entirely justified and in fact you are generally yourself not even totally convinced of your point. In any case I did take pleasure in looking at it.

  3. Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Extremely useful information specially the last part 🙂 I care for such info much. I was seeking this particular info for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  4. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this website. I really hope to see the same high-grade content from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very own site now 😉

  5. Hello! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  6. Right here is the perfect site for anybody who hopes to understand this topic. You understand so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually will need toÖHaHa). You definitely put a fresh spin on a topic which has been written about for ages. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

  7. I would like to show appreciation to the writer just for rescuing me from this particular crisis. After researching through the the web and meeting methods that were not helpful, I was thinking my entire life was well over. Existing devoid of the answers to the difficulties you’ve resolved all through your entire short article is a crucial case, and those which may have in a negative way damaged my career if I had not noticed your blog post. Your own understanding and kindness in touching the whole lot was helpful. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t discovered such a stuff like this. I can now look forward to my future. Thanks so much for this impressive and results-oriented guide. I will not hesitate to recommend your site to anybody who should receive support on this matter.

  8. Hello there! I could have sworn Iíve visited this website before but after going through a few of the posts I realized itís new to me. Regardless, Iím certainly delighted I found it and Iíll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!

  9. Your style is very unique compared to other people I have read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this web site.

  10. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any problems of
    plagorism or copyright infringement? My blog has a lot of exclusive content
    I’ve either created myself or outsourced but it looks like a
    lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement.
    Do you know any techniques to help prevent content from
    being ripped off? I’d truly appreciate it.

  11. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a variety of websites for about a
    year and am worried about switching to another platform.

    I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it?

    Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

  12. Aw, this was a really nice post. Taking the time and actual effort to generate a great articleÖ but what can I sayÖ I put things off a whole lot and don’t seem to get anything done.

  13. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thank you so much, However I am experiencing difficulties with your RSS. I donít know the reason why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anybody having the same RSS problems? Anybody who knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  14. I want to to thank you for this excellent read!! I definitely loved every bit of it. I’ve got you saved as a favorite to look at new things you postÖ

  15. You are so interesting! I don’t think I’ve truly read something like this before. So good to discover somebody with a few original thoughts on this subject. Really.. thank you for starting this up. This web site is something that is needed on the internet, someone with a little originality!

  16. When I originally commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added I get four emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a way you are able to remove me from that service? Thanks!

  17. After study a few of the blog posts on your website now, and I truly like your way of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Pls check out my web site as well and let me know what you think.

  18. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up!
    I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back down the road.

    Many thanks

  19. There are certainly a lot of details like that to take into consideration. That is a great point to bring up. I offer the thoughts above as general inspiration but clearly there are questions like the one you bring up where the most important thing will be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged around things like that, but I am sure that your job is clearly identified as a fair game. Both boys and girls feel the impact of just a moment?s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  20. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little analysis on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If possible, as you become expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more details? It is highly helpful for me. Big thumb up for this blog post!

  21. You have made some good points there. I looked on the net to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.

  22. When I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment. Perhaps there is a means you can remove me from that service? Many thanks!

  23. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who has been doing a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me lunch due to the fact that I found it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to talk about this subject here on your internet site.

  24. F*ckin’ tremendous things here. I’m very glad to peer your article. Thanks so much and i’m having a look forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  25. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  26. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was conducting a little homework on this. And he in fact ordered me lunch because I discovered it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending the time to discuss this issue here on your blog.

  27. I would like to show my appreciation for your kind-heartedness supporting all those that must have help with this particular theme. Your special dedication to passing the solution across turned out to be unbelievably effective and have consistently allowed women like me to reach their targets. Your entire interesting help and advice denotes so much to me and especially to my office workers. Best wishes; from all of us.

  28. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was doing a little research on this. And he in fact bought me lunch due to the fact that I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss this topic here on your website.

  29. This is the right blog for anyone who wants to find out about this topic. You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually would want?HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just great!

  30. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you, However I am going through problems with your RSS. I donít understand why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anybody having the same RSS issues? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  31. There are certainly a lot of details like that to take into consideration. That is a great point to bring up. I offer the thoughts above as general inspiration but clearly there are questions like the one you bring up where the most important thing will be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged around things like that, but I am sure that your job is clearly identified as a fair game. Both boys and girls feel the impact of just a moment?s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  32. There are actually lots of particulars like that to take into consideration. That is a nice point to carry up. I provide the thoughts above as normal inspiration but clearly there are questions just like the one you convey up where crucial factor will probably be working in trustworthy good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged around things like that, but I am positive that your job is clearly identified as a good game. Both girls and boys feel the impression of only a moment’s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *